Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)
Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А-G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1-8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.
A. Solar heat can be stored in solar panels so it is available on demand at any time. In a solar efficient designed house, the building elements store the energy for nighttime comfort and for cloudy days. Some solar technologies require no additional costs. Solar equipment costs less than other alternatives to buy and has lower running costs.
B. Volkswagen will soon announce the first car made out of carbon-reinforced rubber with an internal floating passenger capsule. Tests have shown that even at impact of 160 km per hour the car simply bounces back to its original shape and the passengers (provided they are strapped in) remain a bit shaken but unhurt.
C. Sometimes it appears that the human mark on this planet is indelible. In only a blink of geological time, 200 years or so, human construction and expansion has resulted in the destruction of more than one-fifth of the world's forests, the melting of the polar icecaps, and the creation of a huge hole in the ozone layer. Additionally, industrial activity has damaged rivers and oceans. Environmental scientists and activists warn that humankind could very well destroy the planet.
D. The latest phone that looks like a wristwatch presented by Sieko at the Tokyo Hi-Tec exhibition features a button that when pressed can locate your position anywhere in the world to within a two-metre square. It will be essential equipment for adventurous travelers and dodgy taxi drivers.
E. Harvest time in Esperance is constant. As long as the wind blows - which is pretty much all the time - nine identical wind turbines reap the benefits of the dependable winds. These sleek, white, robot-like wind turbines loom up on the horizon. They're not only functional machines that help provide electricity for this coastal town, but they're also drawcards for curious tourists.
F. Biometrics involves the use of physical or biological characteristics to identify individuals. Biometric security systems operate by storing a digitised record of some unique human feature. Systems using fingerprints, hands, voices, irises, retinas and faces are already on the market. Others using typing patterns and even body odours are in various stages of development.
G. Some scientists predict that if we think of ecology we should think of changing our thinking completely. For instance, by 2058 with help of new technology Britain may announce that pollution levels are one twentieth of what they were in the year 2000. This is largely due to all non-local road transport being safely underground and the recycling of industrial by-products before reaching the atmosphere.
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